What Causes Headaches – Treatments and Types of Headaches

What Causes Headaches

What Causes Headaches? Headaches are reportedly the most common medical issue registered by doctors on a frequent basis. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), almost half of the nation is exposed to the danger of developing headaches once a year irrespective of their age or gender.

A headache is a disorder caused due to the malfunctioning of blood vessels and muscles inside the nervous system. Factors like extreme stress, lack of sleep, societal pressure, depression and high blood pressure mainly trigger the targeted nerves.

The recent survey indicates that there are several types of headaches which are classified according to their symptoms, location of pain, its severity and rotation.



Causes of Headaches

A headache is a combination of mild to extreme pain and disability of blood vessels to operate in rightly. During headaches, the layers of tissue consisting of pain fiber cover spinal cord, targeted veins, and start the process of inflammation and give rise to headaches.

What causes headaches are defined by properly examining the occurrence of pain, its nature and time duration.

Scientifically, the headache is said to be primary when it not backed by any specific medical condition, however, in case of association with any underlying cause, it is called as secondary.


Primary Headaches

The primary headaches are the ones which last only for few minutes and hours. Primary headaches are caused due to the shortage of blood supply to the cerebral cortex which further triggers the pain fiber to cover the head area starting for spinal cord (neck) and head.



  • Excessive Flash Lights

The direct and prolonged contact with the flash lights during the night or day hours may give rise to mild to an extreme headache.

Due to light sensitivity or photophobia, the ability to tolerate the lights decreases and people start facing problems such as reddish eyes and inflammation in veins when get exposed to lights.

This condition doesn’t directly lead to a headache however, it is interlinked with eyes.

Under the condition of a migraine, this problem is also called as aura where affected people might experience temporary (for seconds) blindness due to excessive flashlights.

According to the survey, the excess use of cell phones and other flash consist gadgets under dim lights can also lead to excessive headaches and loss of vision at early ages.



  • Stress

The level of daily stress faced by individuals largely contributes to what causes headaches. According to the research, stress is the most common medical condition faced by people these days.

The stress is caused due to the excessive physical and mental activities performed by individuals while executing their daily tasks.

For instance, the high workload at the office (Hostile Corporate environment) or last minute preparation before exams (Immense pressure at educational institutes) can trigger the malfunctioning of blood vessels thus leading to deteriorating health such as continuous headaches and physical disturbance.



  • Lack of Proper Food and Sleep

If our bodies are not supplied with adequate food or Nutrition’s, which are important for the working mechanism then, in such cases our bodies start responding adversely by transmitting messages to our brain.

When brain starts responding to the received neurons then,
it starts impacting the working of blood vessels and veins thus leading to what causes headaches.

According to the recent survey, starvation is the main reason behind mental health,
the inability of a person to perform well and struggling social and personal lives.

Additionally, the inadequate time distance between each meal can also give rise to temporary headaches.


Sleep Disorder

Hectic routine, lack of proper sleep and even excess sleep are responsible for what causes headaches.
The studies show that there is a strong connection between headaches and improper sleeping routine.

If a person is not getting desired sleep then, such factor triggers the brain expressions which further contributes to the birth of chronic headaches.

These headaches are not very intense in nature, however, if not observed properly then, might lead to worse conditions.

Additionally, if a person is sleeping more than required time then,
he/she is exposed to the danger of facing insomnia with headaches in the future.



  • Cough Headaches

Cough Headaches are usually classified as secondary headaches because they are associated with certain kind of medical condition, however,
a normal coughing during flu or any other medical sickness can also lead to cough headaches.

Under such conditions, people usually face mild sneezing, coughing, runny nose and watery eyes. Cough Headaches have got nothing to do with the brain because they are usually primary in nature and tend to end on a rapid basis.

However, in extreme cases, such as prolonged headaches and coughing, you should get yourself properly checked and take proper medication.



  • Hormonal Changes

Women are exposed to the danger of developing chronic and menstrual headaches due to the fluctuation in the hormonal level.

During the menstruation period,
the level of progesterone (hormones responsible for reproduction) and estrogen falls to their minimum level thus leading to headaches which are usually pre-stages of a migraine.

No particular time period is assigned to such changes, however,
women may find some relief after the completion of their month’s cycle or once the ovulation process is completed.

Additionally, women also might also feel headaches even a week before the month’s cycle because of the functioning of targeted hormones.



  • Changes in Weather

Global warming and its adjacent factors are also responsible for adversely impacting the health of individuals. As our bodies are not used to of responding rapidly to the weather changes
(such as the immediate shift from hot weather to extreme rain)
therefore, it becomes hard for our brain to cope with the situation and function accordingly.

Though the headaches associated with weather changes are usually short-lived and tend to go on their own,
however, the intensity of the pain is dependent on the body of the receiver,
their overall physical health, and use of medications (if any).



  • Involvement in Intense and Unneeded Exercise

On daily a basis a person is supposed to burn a limited amount of calories in order to stay healthy. Exercising and strength training is two factors which can help a person in staying fit if done rightly.

However, the excess of anything is worse and same is the case with exercising. The excessive exercising can lead to the malfunctioning of blood vessels and can give birth to the medical condition called as exertional headaches.

Under this condition, the person might feel pain at various body parts including the progressing muscles, neck and spinal cord.

Before starting any exercise, you should always take proper consultancy from your trainer and should ask about the exact duration of exercise in a day.



  • Factors of Pollution

Poor air quality, lots of noises and breathing problems are responsible for intense headaches and migraine pain. The impact of different pollution caused by ozone malfunctioning can lead to severe what causes headaches, breathing problems, and health problems.

The increased pollution is a warning call for having more greenery and well-maintenance of mountain ranges.



Headaches caused due to the mentioned reasons are classified as primary one and doesn’t require any sort of medical attention,
however, in case of severity, it is advised to see your doctor and take prescribed medication.


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