Type of Headaches : Headache on Top of Head – Headache Back of Head
Type of Headaches
Headaches are defined as the painful sensation at any part of the head. Many generalizations exist when it comes to headaches, however, there is always an underlying factor behind every painful sensation which can be accessed on the basis of the type of headaches.
Once you have acquired proper information about the type of headaches then, it becomes relatively easy to understand the classifications based on the intensity of pain, its duration, and its rotation.
The recent survey indicates that there are around 150 type of headaches which people are expected to face once in a life time.
Classification of Headaches
A particular kind of throbbing, discomfort, and the inability of humans to perform well are some of the common symptoms associated with every type of a headache.
1. Secondary Headaches
Secondary headaches are triggered by some general medical condition and lead to outcomes such as inactivity of the brain, unusual pain in the neck or spinal cord and rotation of pain from one part to another.
The people suffering from secondary headaches usually have a proper understanding of their medical history, however, for clarification purposes, some medical factors are examined such as
- The frequent building of a headache without any primary cause,
- Unusual pain pattern
- Headaches at an unusual age
- Abnormal physical activities.
In case of secondary headaches, the proper examination should be carried out for immediate treatment.
2. Primary Headaches
Primary Headaches are referred as stand-alone pain which is not triggered by any medical condition however, the formation of these headaches is more inclined towards the daily problems faced by an individual such as:
- Daily Stress
- Unhealthy Diet
- Excessive exertion
- Unwanted physical activity, and
- Lack of proper sleep
Primary headaches are further classified on the basis of their occurrence such as:
1. Chronic Headaches
Formation of inflammation on blood vessels and any mishap with the brain might result in chronic headaches however, the mentioned reasons are not scientifically proved.
Additionally, the pain of chronic headaches tends to disturb person for the longer duration such as for several days and for several weeks (in extreme cases). As chronic headaches can impact the overall well-being, therefore, a proper medication should be taken in order to reduce the adverse impacts.
2. Episodic Headaches
Episodic headaches are treated as a primary base for the chronic headaches and people with this condition are exposed to the danger of developing chronic after some years.
Under this condition, the person might feel mild to extreme pain once in a month (weeks) for not more than 2 to 3 hours. No particular medication is required to treat episodic headaches.
A migraine is a medical condition in which person might feel unusual throbbing and pain on one side of the head. The intensity of migraine pain is severe and tend to last depending upon the symptoms associated with the pain.
Distribution of Migraine Pain:
The pain of a migraine is usually associated with two below stated conditions
Aura is the sensation which person might before getting the migraine attack. Some people start getting sensations even one day before the attack while others might experience aura 10-30 minutes prior to the attack.
Some of the common sensations are:
- Having numbness in chest approaching towards arms
- Inability to operate mind properly
- Rapid change in the taste buds
- Appearance of flash lights before eyes
- Excessive yawning
- Food craving
- Mood Swings
Under this condition, the patients of a migraine might not receive any sort of sensations before getting a migraine attack. The attacks without aura are more intense and frequent in nature as compared to attacks with aura.
Common Symptoms of migraine headaches
- One-sided head pain
- Extreme nausea leading to continuous vomiting
- Temporary visual disability
- Photophobia (Disturbance because of flash lights)
4. Tension Headaches
Tension headaches are not only limited to brain or forehead, however, they are cover the maximum area of the neck and a partial area of the head. These type of headaches are caused due to muscle contraction.
Tension headaches are usually triggered by the environmental and social factors such as:
- Long driving or eye strains
- Prolonged emotional stress
- Bad body posture
The intensity and duration of tension headaches are dependent on the how early the problem is identified and what sort of treatment is being provided to cure the problem. Normally, tension headaches are experienced for 1-day minimum and 1-week maximum.
Symptoms of Tension Headaches
As tension headaches encompass the head and neck part, therefore, people might experience following factors before or during the tension headaches
- Excessive pressure and pushing on head
- Slight Head pain or tenderness
- Pressure on neck and eyes
5. Cluster Headaches
As the name suggests, cluster headaches occur in the form of groups and tend to target the blood vessels of the particular area.
Under this condition, the person might experience extreme burning followed by pinning pain on one side of the eye. Cluster headaches occur in series and each episode tends to last for 15 minutes maximum.
The studies show that a normal man is expected to get at least 4 series of the cluster a day one after another. An average duration of a cluster headache is a month however, there might be some alterations depending upon the following factors:
- Intensity of swelling around eyes
- Excessive sweating
- Teary eye
6. Allergy Headaches
Allergic headaches are also referred as sinus headaches which are triggered by a particular type of allergy which is seasonal in nature.
The pain of allergy headaches usually penetrate in the sinus area and tend to cause inflammation around the forehead. People suffering from allergy headaches might also experience mild to moderate rhinitis (fever) during the episode.
Allergy headaches are not always truly associated with sinus, however, the pain of such headaches is usually identified in the sinus area.
7. Rebound Pain
Rebound headaches are caused due to the overuse of prescribed medicines. The patients who are used to of consuming medicines on daily basis are at a greater risk of developing rebound headaches.
Though it is relatively hard to understand the underlying factors behind the rebound pain, however, patients are still recommended to build a certain type of moderation while consuming any medicine.
Additionally, rebound headaches can be cured by quitting those medicines which have the potential of causing pain at different areas of the body. The duration of a rebound headache is usually 1-2 hours and intensity is moderate in nature.
8. After effects of Trauma
Post-traumatic headaches are not highly common in nature because they are entirely associated with a particular type of head injury or problems related to the brain.
People might experience traumatic headaches after going through head surgery. People who have a long history of migraines and tension headaches are also at a danger of developing traumatic headaches for the period of 3 to 6 months based on the last history.
The intensity of traumatic pain is usually moderate in nature however, people might experience extreme pain at times backed by the chronic cycle.
9. Pregnancy Headaches
Pregnancy headaches are associated with the changes occur in the hormonal system during the pregnancy phase. These type of headaches are not very consistent in nature because they tend to hit the person on rare occasions.
The duration of pregnancy headaches is usually 3-4 hours (in case of no treatment) however, the proper medication can help in reducing the 50% of pain within one hour.
These type of headaches are further backed by nausea and other common conditions during pregnancy.
10. Post-Infective Headaches
Post-infective headaches are more or less similar to traumatic headaches because they tend to hit the person after certain kind of infection or allergy. Sinus patients are at a greater risk of developing post-infective headaches.
The duration and intensity of infection based headaches vary from person to person.
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