The appearance of small red dots on the skin is very common. They are also called rashes which can be very painful irritating and itchy. The reason can be a skin infection, insect bites or some allergy to Soaps, shampoos, and chemicals. The medical term used for these red spots on face is called erythema. Big spots are called papule and small flat dots are called macule. Various types of red spots are there Itchy, non-itchy, painful and painless.
Types of Red Spots on Face and their Causes
There are various reasons and condition that can cause or lead to small red dots on the skin which are generally on sensitive skin. Some of them are:
Due to Allergy
An allergy can be caused by the use of any cosmetics, food allergy and adverse drug reactions (ADR) if a person is undergoing some medical treatment. Due to this kind of allergy a person has itchy red spots on face or any other specific area or maybe on the whole body. If these skin allergies are neglected they can be life-threatening.
This is also known as campbell de morgan spots in medical term. It is because of the rapid growth of abnormal blood vessels. Cherry red color papules appear on the skin. The size can be up to 2 mm. The color of this spot may be purple to red. This spot occurs in any age group, young and old.
Acne is the most common skin problem which covers mainly frontal face area normally found in young boys and girls because of hormonal changes. It is not harmful at all but the person who is facing it looks very scary at times. It is basically caused due to secretion of sebaceous glands during puberty. Acne can be small red dots raised as bumps called papules. It can be painful if filled with pus then it is called a cyst. Small solid lumps (nodules) can also be developed if not treated early. In the early stage of acne, small red dots with pus is called pimple.
Herpes/ Cold Sores
The Herpes/Cold Sores is a viral infection generally caused by Herpes virus. Herpes can be recognized by small fluid-filled blisters of light red color with unbearable pain. It can affect any part of the body in grouped patches. It may be harmful if not treated. After treatment, it heals within a week. Treatment should be started as soon as possible.
It is chronic skin disorder due to the disturbance of the immune system of our body. Scaly red patches develop on the skin surface which is painful and itchy. Psoriasis can also be different in types. Although it is not contagious but causes severe mental agony such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. The best way to prevent this disease is the application of moisturizers on the skin, keep your body hydrated. Abstain from alcohol and smoking.
Although the real cause of canker sore is not known it is caused by injury to the mouth or its soft tissues or because of an allergy or deficiency of vitamins. It is not contagious but painful and makes it hard for you to drink and eat. It heals after some time without any medical intervention.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin disorder most often occur on the scalp causing scaly patches and red rashes on the skin. It also occurs in an oily area like face, chest eyebrows/eyelids etc. And can also be noticed as stubborn dandruff. Generally, it disappears without any medical treatment but sometimes it requires multiple treatments to cure.
Some other Types and Causes of Red Spots
It is very rare but life-threatening disease caused by strep throat infection. Rheumatic fever is common in children and young people. If it is overlooked or neglected it can cause heart diseases often leads to cardiac arrest as it damages heart valves.
It is a viral infectious skin disease which is caused by Varicella-zoster virus. Mainly it is found in young infants and children. The common symptoms are a cluster of red blisters with fever. It basically affects those who are not properly vaccinated earlier. It is highly contiguous and very itchy feeling caused by these blisters.
The Petechiae is a purple spot caused by bleeding in broken blood vessels. Petechiae looks like a rash and fixes in color. It can appear anywhere in the body including the inner surface of mouth or eyelids too. It can be due to any allergy, bacterial infection or adverse effects of some medication. Sometimes it is very serious and early medication is required to stop any damage to the life.
It is a fungal infection which is not serious but is very contagious. It is caused by fungi dermatophytes. Circularly shaped rashes occur on the skin generally very itchy and easily spread to other parts of the body too.
Red spots on skin not itchy:
Causes of these red spots are not same all the time. All the red spots are not itchy and painful. And the pattern of these red spots on face not itchy is also different. These spots are different in size, shapes, and colors. Some other causes of red spots on face not itchy are:
Hive is a sudden occurrence of a red rash on the skin. And is generally caused due to some allergy. It automatically subsides within few days.
Skin reactions due to allergies:
Skin Reaction due to allergies can be of any type of allergy caused by food, cosmetics or medicinal treatment. And may or may not be itchy. It creates red rashes on the skin.
The birthmark is a painless reddish pink spot on any part of the body. And is present on the skin from birth. It may disappear after some time. Even if it doesn’t it’s not painful.
Cherry red colored spot due to an extra abnormal growth of blood vessels. It can be purple in color also. Cherry Angiomas is painless and non-itchy. It can occur in any part of the body.
They are painless small and hard bumps due to overproduction of protein keratin in the body. It can affect any part of the body especially the scalp, upper arm, thighs, buttock etc.
It is basically caused by blockages of pores at the time of sweating in hot and humid weather. This results in small red spots on the skin.
A boil is a skin disorder of the oily glands hair follicles. The color of the bump is generally red with pus formation. Normally it just goes away on its own after burst or incision procedure.
Due to hormonal imbalance blood vessels are broken and long rashes or red spots appear on the face especially on the cheek area. During this infection, the face should be protected from direct sun rays. Although it can be cured by its own in some cases it needs medical intervention.
Due to pre-symptoms of diabetes, various types of skin rashes or spots occur on the surface of the skin. Proper medical treatment of diabetes can remove these spots.
Use of Beauty Products:
One of the basic reasons for the red spot is the use of wrong beauty products of low grade. Hair dye is the topmost product which causes various types of skin reactions like itching, inflammation, red rashes etc. Because a huge amount of chemicals are used in the beauty product which can even harm the skin in the form of severe inflammation, red spots, irritation or even skin cancer.
It is a kind of viral infection caused by mosquito bites. It starts with high fever and joint pain. Suddenly red rashes appeared on the skin surface. Early treatment can be life-saving.
It is also a virus generate disease caused by the mosquito bite. It includes high fever, headache and also red rashes on the skin. Immediate medical treatment is required.
Insect bite generally appears as round swollen bumps. It may be or may not be itchy. Caused by a mosquito or other insects. It heals on its own.
How to Get Rid of Red Spots on Face
Some red spots are not dangerous and contagious. But some needs proper dermatologist’s treatment for the cure. You have to change your food habits, your lifestyle, eating healthy products and keep your body hydrated all the time. This will definitely help in reducing skin problems. Following steps can help in preventing such skin disorders:
Keep your body hydrated all the time with the use of water and fruit juices. Gooseberry juices or bottle gourd juices and Aloe-Vera juice not only keeps your body hydrated but they are really helpful to keep your skin shiny all the time.
Use of Sunscreen Cream:
Wherever you go and whenever you go always use sunscreen lotion or cream on your face to avoid direct sunlight.
Limited exposure to direct Sunlight:
Cover your face with a mask to protect your skin from direct sunlight or UV rays. Sometimes it is also a reason for rashes on a very sensitive skin.
If petechiae infection takes place then cold compression and antibiotics prescribed by a dermatologist is the best solution of this infection. Avoid self-medication. Uses of Ice packs are one of the best solutions in this case. It should be remembered that while using ice packs put a paper towel between your skin and icepack.
Extra virgin olive oil perfectly works on the red dots on skin. It moisturizes the skin, heals the rashes and rejuvenates the skin with the help of vitamin E in this oil. With the use of this oil itchiness of the skin is also reduced.
Baking soda also helps to reduce red skin rashes on face and any part of the skin. It also helps in whitening the skin and makes the skin shiny. It helps in curing all type of skin disorders like rashes, inflammation and sometimes antifungal infection too.
Red Spots on Face Treatments or Red Spots on face Home Remedies:
Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe Vera Gel used with rose water and glycerin can be very effective in skin disorders such as red spots, rashes, fungal infections, inflammation. Regular use of pure Aloe Vera gel also reduces sunburn, insect bite marks. This is one of the best red spots on face treatments.
Apple Cider Vinegar
If you are looking for red spots on face home remedies, then Apple cider vinegar is the best option for you. Because Apple Cider Vinegar has antibacterial properties so it is one of the best home remedies for a bacterial infection on the skin. Apple Cider Vinegar also maintains pH balance due to its alkaline property, which helps in preventing skin from bacterial infection. Also works as an astringent for the skin like a lemon juice. It can remove extra oil from the skin. Regular intake of apple cider vinegar with honey and lemon remove toxins from your body. As lots of skin disorders are due to a toxic reaction in the body. Apple cider vinegar is the best remedy for these toxins.
Cinnamon & Honey Mask
Because of Cinnamon’s antimicrobial property, the use of cinnamon skin helps in removing bacterial infection completely. A mixture of honey with cinnamon powder is a great combination for the skin to deal with various skin problems like acne, fungal infection, rashes etc. Because honey is sticky in nature when mix with cinnamon makes a great mask to make skin healthy.
Regular application of yogurt is helpful in removing the bacterial infection of the skin as it has antibacterial properties. It makes the skin smooth and shiny.
Various antifungal and antibiotic ointments are available in the medical shops. It can be used with properly prescribed by dermatologists. Clinique acne solutions spot healing gel is one of the best creams available in the market for treating red spots.
The above red spots on face home remedies and the following tips can be used to prevent skin disorders:
- Use of quality cosmetics
- Regular Exfoliation
- Avoiding Direct Sun Light
- Using proper sunscreen creams and lotions
- Healthy and planned diet
- Drink lots of water and fruit juices
- Use of home facial to clean the pores of skin
So to prevent any kind of skin disorders a little awareness is very helpful in red spots on face treatments.